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    Medicinal qualities:

    In vivo


    (−)-Carvone: Antispasmodic effect and mode of action.

    Souza, F. V. M., Barbosada Rocha, M., de Souza, D. P., & Marçal, R. M. (2013)

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    Relaxation, antinociceptive, anticonvulsant

    Influence of the chirality of (R)‐(−)‐ and (S)‐(+)‐carvone in the central nervous system: A comparative study.

    De Sousa, D. P., De Farias nóbrega, F. F., & Nóbrega De Almeida, R. (2007)

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    Sedative and relaxing

    R‐(+)‐ and S‐(−)‐carvone: influence of chirality on locomotion activity in mice.

    Buchbauer, G., Jäger, W., Gruber, A., & Dietrich, H. (2005)

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    Anticarcinogenic, chemopreventive

    Effects of carvone compounds on glutathione S-transferase activity in A/J mice.

    Zheng, G. Q., Kenney, P. M., & Lam, L. K. T. (1992)

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    Block obesity and metabolism disorders

    BITC and S-Carvone Restrain High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity and Ameliorate Hepatic Steatosis and Insulin Resistance

    Alsanea, S., & Liu, D. (2017)

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    In vitro

    Antimicrobial, antifungal

    Antimicrobial activity profiles of the two enantiomers of limonene and carvone isolated from the oils of Mentha spicata and Anethum sowa.

    Aggarwal, K. K., Khanuja, S. P. S., Ateeque, A., Santha Kumar, T. R., Gupta, V. K., & Kumar, S. (2001)

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    In Vitro Antibacterial and Antibiofilm Activity of Lippia alba Essential Oil, Citral, and Carvone against Staphylococcus aureus.

    Porfírio EM, Melo HM, Pereira AMG, Cavalcante TTA, Gomes GA, de Carvalho MG, Costa RA, Júnior FEAC. (2017)

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    Anticancer effects of Carvone in myeloma cells is mediated through the inhibition of p38 MAPK signalling pathway, apoptosis induction and inhibition of cell invasion.

    Ding X, Chen H. (2018)

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    Antifungal (Anti C. albicans)

    Carvone and perillaldehyde interfere with the serum-induced formation of filamentous structures in Candida albicans at substantially lower concentrations than those causing significant inhibition of growth.

    McGeady, P., Wansley, D. L., & Logan, D. A. (2002)

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